(Home-My Story).......                 True, Tragic and Unnecessary Gay Youth Suicide Stories......................        (Espańol) 


PART 2 (page 24 of 34)
Homosexuality: Nature or Nurture? (Part 3 of 5)
There is no such thing as an ex-gay
Could The Ex-Gay Programs be a Form of Brain-washing and a Cruel Hoax?  Actually, yes.

Psychiatry Giant, Dr. Robert L. Spitzer, Sorry for Backing Gay ‘Cure’
Your Sexual Orientation Can Indeed Change Over Time, But You Can't Change It

Is Some Homophobia Self-Phobia?

End of the Ex-Gay Movement?

Homosexuality: Nature or Nurture? Part 5 of 5. "What do we mean by Nurture?"   Click  here  to  read  a  summary  and  my  commentary  of  what  is  meant  by the term "NURTURE" in the debate on Homosexuality.

Where does the Mental Health Community Stand on Homosexuality?

After 1973
Every major mental health organization in the United States has affirmed strongly that homosexuality is neither an illness nor a choice and cannot be changed, and is caused by a complex mix of biological factors whether because of genetics or events happening in the womb (nature) and cultural, social and other environmental factors which are the total sum of the experiences of a child or adolescent and their effect on him or her (nurture).  This is the stance of:

The American Medical Association See below (A)
The American Psychiatric Association See below (B)
The American Psychological Association See below (C)
The American Psychoanalytic Association
The American Academy of Pediatrics
The National Association of Social Workers

The American Counseling Association

The American Association of School Administrators
The American Federation of Teachers
The National Association of School Psychologists
The National Education Association

And as a result of the above stance, the mainstream and overwhelmingly predominant view in psychology and psychiatry is that people who are troubled about their homosexual orientation have internalized society's prejudice against homosexuality.  In other words, the observable neurosis among gay people has nothing to do with the fact of their being homosexual, but is rather a result of their being forced to cope with the hostility of the surrounding culture - a hostility which effectively ignores the reality and legitimacy of their needs and experiences and, furthermore, a hostility which they themselves all too often internalize in self-loathing and self-destructive life patterns.  So it is not the homosexual who is inherently sick, but the homophobia (anxiety and fear manifested as irrational loathing of homosexuals) of heterosexual society that is sick, and it is this homophobia that is causing whatever sickness there is among gay men and women.  And one of the ways that this sickness expresses itself is an inability to achieve sexual maturation because they lack the normal societal supportive structures - familiar, cultural and ecclesial available to heterosexuals. (1) Therefore, the appropriate task of a therapist is to help them to overcome these prejudices in order to lead a happy and satisfying life as a gay man or lesbian. Click Here to read more about the above topic. 

So, There Really is no such thing as an ex-gay
Though some people insist that they can persuade homosexuals to undergo treatment to convert to heterosexuality because of social, family and religious pressure
(you know like "What will the family and our friends think?", "You are an embarrassment to us!", "You either change into a heterosexual or you will no longer be a part of this family!" or "You're going to Hell if you don't change!"), the above listed organizations affirm that there is no evidence that sexual orientation can be changed. In fact, because such treatments may be extremely detrimental, these same associations therefore oppose attempts at reparative or conversion therapy as promoted by the discredited National Association for Research and Therapy of Homosexuality (NARTH).  According to University of California research psychologist Gregory Herek, NARTH inhabits "the fringes of the mental-health establishment." Click here and here to read more about the dubious claims made by these reparative therapists belonging to NARTH and the "religious" anti-gay activists associated with the so-called "ex-gay ministries," such as Exodus International.  The main point here is that there is no such thing as an ex-gay.  By common definition, a homosexual is someone who is emotionally and erotically attracted to people of the same sex.  Yet, as countless "ex-.gays" themselves admit, "ex-gays" still feel emotionally and erotically attracted to others of their own sex and may well continue to do so for the rest of their lives, despite their having been "healed." (2)

Michael Bussee and Gary Cooper
And these groups curiously keep no long-term follow-up records to scientifically validate their success rates, relying only upon anecdotal evidence. That has been problematic, though, as many founders, successive leaders and clients of these organizations have first claimed to be sexually reoriented and then reverted back to homosexuality and later repudiated their "ex-gay" testimonies and admitted that they had never stopped being homosexual. Click Here to read the apology of Michael Bussee, one of the founders of Exodus International who is now a licensed Marriage and Family therapist, a father, a born-again, evangelical Christian—and a proud gay man.   Michael writes, "In 1979, another EXODUS pioneer (Gary Cooper) and I decided to leave EXODUS—and our wives. For years, we had both firmly believed that the EXODUS process would make us straight. Instead, we realized we had fallen in love with each other! We came out publicly against EXODUS in 1991. Our story is featured in the documentary One Nation Under God. Gary died of AIDS shortly before the film was completed. Since then, I have remained one of EXODUS’s most persistent critics – not because I want to “deny hope.” On the contrary, I want to affirm that God loves every person—and that God’s love and forgiveness does indeed change lives. It has certainly changed mine. It just didn’t make me straight. I have found harmony between my sexuality and my spirituality—and I am hopeful that others can do the same. Everyone’s journey is different. My own private exodus has been an incredible journey."  

In Anything But Straight, Author Wayne R. Besen exposes the unscientific research, false statistics and unsuccessful results, and debunks the outrageous claims of those using the ex-gay movement and reparative therapy to raise money for fundamentalist Christian organizations and income for therapists belonging to NARTH who are scorned by the mainstream psychiatry and psychology.  Click Here to find out more from the website truthwinsout.org which is devoted to exposing the lies of the fraudulent ex-gay ministries. 

The best (actually the worst) that the ex-gay or so called reparative therapy programs can hope to offer is an artificial change in an intimidated homosexual's outward behavior, which is  nothing more than a suppression of their sexuality - in other words they offer dubious support for a lifelong struggle to control homosexual urges. (3) But The 11 associations listed above claim that there are serious psychological repercussions to those who attempt to go against their inborn biology. Those who do will themselves to go against their natural biology as a result of these reparative therapies and similar 'treatments' have been shown to suffer clinical depression, anxiety and various self-destructive behaviors, including suicide. Instead, these people seeking change should consider legitimate psychological counseling to learn to accept themselves rather than opting for these hocus-pocus religion-based “therapies” designed to teach them to reject who they are and lead fraudulent, repressed lives of denial.

It's Over!
The Ex-Gay Movement is Dead
(...well it's on life support in any case)

Exodus International Shuts Down Completely
and Apologizes

Exodus Int’l President Alan Chambers, leader of 37-year old ministry, admits grave errors and says to the Gay Community: “We’re Sorry”

Irvine, Calif. (June 19, 2013) — Exodus International, the oldest and largest Christian ministry dealing with faith and reparative/ex-gay/sexual orientation change therapy, issued an apology to the gay community for years of undue suffering and judgment at the hands of the organization and the Church as a whole.

“I am sorry for the pain and hurt that many of you have experienced.

I am sorry some of you spent years working through the shame and guilt when your attractions didn’t change.

I am sorry we promoted sexual orientation change efforts and reparative theories about sexual orientation that stigmatized parents."

“I am sorry I didn’t stand up to people publicly ‘on my side’ who called you names like sodomite—or worse.

I am sorry that I, knowing some of you so well, failed to share publicly that the gay and lesbian people I know were every bit as capable of being amazing parents as the straight people that I know.

I am sorry that when I celebrated a person coming to Christ and surrendering their sexuality to Him, I callously celebrated the end of relationships that broke your heart.

I am sorry I have communicated that you and your families are less than me and mine."

“More than anything, I am sorry that so many have interpreted this religious rejection by Christians as God’s rejection. I am profoundly sorry that many have walked away from their faith and that some have chosen to end their lives."

“You have never been my enemy. I am very sorry that I have been yours. I hope changes in my own life, as well as the ones we announce tonight regarding Exodus International, will bring resolution, and show I am serious in both my regret and offer of friendship. I pledge that future endeavors will be focused on peace and common good.”
, , , , , , . . . . . . .

In January 2012 then- president of Exodus International Alan Chambers, during his address to a Gay Christian Network conference, stated that 99.9% of conversion therapy participants do not experience any change to their sexuality and apologized for the previous Exodus slogan "Change Is Possible".  Source: Wikipedia.org
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Click Here to read the rest of the statement by Exodus International on their new website.  For more details on this development click Here.  The end of the Exodus Era is something to be grateful for ... but it should not be confused with the end of religion based homophobia.  Click Here to read more about this.

So what does all of the above mean?  Reading the articles listed below plus the readers' comments helped me, Gary Lynn, get a handle on it all:

Apologies Are Too Late When the Damage Is Already Done by Rev. Dr. Cindi LoveExecutive Director, Soulforce

Ex-Gay' Group Shuts Down, But Movement Is Re-Branding by Michelangelo Signorile, Editor-at-large, HuffPost Gay Voices

Exodus International Ex-Gay Survivor Discusses 'Homoerotic' Experience: 'The Damage...Was Astounding' (VIDEO) The Huffington Post | By Alexandra Schuster

John Paulk, 'Ex-Gay' Leader, Apologizes For Involvement In Reparative Therapy Movement The Huffington Post | By Glennisha Morgan - In this article John Paulk says:
“For the better part of 10 years, I was an advocate and spokesman for what’s known as the 'ex-gay movement,' where we declared that sexual orientation could be changed through a close-knit relationship with God, intensive therapy and strong determination," he said. "At the time, I truly believed that it would happen. And while many things in my life did change as a Christian, my sexual orientation did not."

He added, "Today, I do not consider myself 'ex-gay,' and I no longer support or promote the movement. Please allow me to be clear: I do not believe that reparative therapy changes sexual orientation; in fact, it does great harm to many people." updated 28august2013

The 'Sissy Boy' Experiment - What Goes Around Comes Around
- Actions Truly Have Consequences

Therapy designed to make feminine boys more masculine does deep and irreversible harm leading to suicide  
Watch Anderson Cooper’s report in four Parts on this sad story: Part 1Part 2: Part 3; Part 4

In 1970, a five-year-old boy named Kirk Murphy was subjected to an ex-gay experiment. Under the care of Dr Ivor Lovaas and George Rekers, then a doctoral student, of UCLA, he underwent therapy that lasted nearly a year to eliminate supposed effeminate behaviors. In 1974, Lovaas and Rekers jointly published a paper about the boy they renamed "Kraig," heralding his treatment for "childhood cross-gender problems" a success and claiming he had been transformed from a gender-confused homosexual-in-waiting to a healthy, heterosexual young man.

On the back of this study, Rekers built a career as an anti-gay activist and a supposed expert in childhood sexual development. He co-founded the Family Research Council and championed reparative therapy to turn gay men straight. Last year the State of Florida spent hundreds of thousands of dollars hiring Dr. George Rekers as its star witness in the case against adoption by gays in Florida. 
(Source for image and article: milkboys.net)

In 2003, Kirk, 38 years old, gay, and according to his brother, sister and mother, suffering from a life long battle with the harmful effects of this misguided therapy, committed suicide.

Could The Ex-Gay Programs Be a Form of Brain-washing and a Cruel Hoax?
It is claimed that ex-gay programs amount to a form of "brain-washing" in which struggling homosexuals are encouraged to attend camp-like settings where they have contact only with like-minded Christians, to avoid exposing themselves to any differing views and to devote themselves to an all-consuming round of Bible study, worship, fellowship and prayer. For a time, as Mel White admits in his powerful and courageous autobiography, Stranger at the Gate-To Be Gay and Christian in America, such immersion may give the fledgling "ex-gay" a sense of release and freedom.  But when, according to former "ex-gay" and a co-founder of Exodus International Michael Bussee, despite such an intensive program, homosexual feelings return - as critics contend (and Andrew Comiskey and others admit) they inevitably will - those who despair of being healed are then told that they themselves are the ones responsible for the failure of the "ex-gay" promise of deliverance.  As Ralph Blair puts it, the accusation is that "those who do not change never really tried to change." (4)

The result of being caught in such a bind is predictable, ex-gay opponents contend.  In interviews with former movement members, the film One Nation Under God documents anguish, guilt, abandonment of Christian [or at least religious] belief altogether (including turning to paganism or atheism - so deep is their disillusionment), depression, stress, psychosomatic illness, self-mutilation and even suicide among those who, for all their faith and effort, could not achieve the "recovery" the "ex-gay" movement promised them and who felt there was no one to blame but themselves. (5) [Gary Lynn's comment:  Really great therapy; they get their victims to blame themselves!]

Given such sobering data, critics of the "ex-gay argue, it is hardly surprising that Mel White should warn of the "tragic, long-term consequences of . . . false hopes and counterfeit cures" or that Ralph Blair would describe the "ex-gay" phenomenon as ultimately, a "cruel hoax." (5)

From The New York Times

Psychiatry Giant Sorry for Backing Gay ‘Cure’

Dr. Robert L. Spitzer, above, is a major architect of the modern classification of mental disorders.

Published: May 18, 2012

PRINCETON, N.J. — The simple fact was that he had done something wrong, and at the end of a long and revolutionary career it didn’t matter how often he’d been right, how powerful he once was, or what it would mean for his legacy.

Dr. Robert L. Spitzer, considered by some to be the father of modern psychiatry, lay awake at 4 o’clock on a recent morning knowing he had to do the one thing that comes least naturally to him. He pushed himself up and staggered into the dark. His desk seemed impossibly far away; Dr. Spitzer, who turns 80 next week, suffers from Parkinson’s disease and has trouble walking, sitting, even holding his head upright.

The word he sometimes uses to describe these limitations — pathetic — is the same one that for decades he wielded like an ax to strike down dumb ideas, empty theorizing and junk studies. Now here he was at his computer, ready to recant a study he had done himself, a poorly conceived 2003 investigation that supported the use of so-called reparative therapy to “cure” homosexuality for people strongly motivated to change.

What to say? The issue of gay marriage was rocking national politics yet again. The California State Legislature was debating a bill to ban the therapy outright as being dangerous. A magazine writer who had been through the therapy as a teenager recently visited his house, to explain how miserably disorienting the experience was.  And he would later learn that a World Health Organization report, released on Thursday, calls the therapy “a serious threat to the health and well-being — even the lives — of affected people.”

Dr. Spitzer’s fingers jerked over the keys, unreliably, as if choking on the words. And then it was done: a short letter to be published this month, in the same journal where the original study appeared.

I believe,” it concludes, “I owe the gay community an apology [for my study making unproven claims of the efficacy of reparative therapy," Spitzer wrote. "I also apologize to any gay person who wasted time and energy undergoing some form of reparative therapy because they believed that I had proven that reparative therapy works with some 'highly motivated' individuals."]  Click Here to continue to read this very informative article in the New York Times.  For more analysis of how the above flawed study affected the gay community, click below on "How One Flawed Study Spawned a Decade of Lies" from Forbes.com.

How One Flawed Study Spawned a Decade of Lies

Your Sexual Orientation Can Indeed Change Over Time, But You Can't Change It
Does orientation change over time? Yes, I
[William E. Burleson - see footnote 6] think it can.  Heresy you say? Maybe, but hear me out.  I suggest this from my experience with support groups.  Many times I have watched people try to create a new world for themselves when they come out, a new world that denies their old one.  For example, take a fifty-year old man who has raised children to adulthood and has been married for thirty years.  Now he identifies as gay.  He may decide he was mistaken those fifty years he thought he was straight; after all, he's told there is a gay gene [not true] so either he has it or he doesn't.  Besides, he really can't remember how it felt to be attracted to a woman in that way.  Could the past fifty hears really have been a mistake?  Could he have been fooling himself all these years?  Possibly.  However, I do think considering a life of fifty years to be suddenly now invalid is far too dismissive of what it means to be human and far too simplistic regarding sexuality.

While there certainly are people who knew all along their words and actions didn't match their feelings, there are many more whose orientation evolves and reveals itself over time.  As for why he can't remember how he felt to be attracted to a woman, I would think that's natural.  Have you ever broken up with someone and can't remember why you were ever attracted to that person in the first place?  You remember you were there, but the feelings may seem completely foreign.  Hey, at one time in my life I had a huge crush on Donnie Osmond. I remember it, but I can't feel it. You change; you grow.  The same is true with orientation.  Just because a person can't recall feeling a certain way doesn't mean it wasn't real at the time.  So rather than say everyone whose sexual identity changes over their life was previously in denial, perhaps it is simply more accurate to say some people, for whatever reason, experience change in their sexual attractions, and thus their sexual orientation. 

While orientation can change over time, there is one important thing to keep in mind: you can't change your orientation.  In other words, it may change but you don't get to choose how it changes.  As my friend found out, no amount of praying will make a person straight, even though he or she may have been straight at one time. 

Aren't humans interesting? (6)


Is Some Homophobia Self-Phobia?

ScienceDaily (Apr. 6, 2012) — Homophobia is more pronounced in individuals with an unacknowledged attraction to the same sex and who grew up with authoritarian parents who forbade such desires, a series of psychology studies demonstrates.

The study is the first to document the role that both parenting and sexual orientation play in the formation of intense and visceral fear of homosexuals, including self-reported homophobic attitudes, discriminatory bias, implicit hostility towards gays, and endorsement of anti-gay policies. Conducted by a team from the University of Rochester, the University of Essex, England, and the University of California in Santa Barbara, the research will be published the April issue of the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

"Individuals who identify as straight but in psychological tests show a strong attraction to the same sex may be threatened by gays and lesbians because homosexuals remind them of similar tendencies within themselves," explains Netta Weinstein, a lecturer at the University of Essex and the study's lead author.

"In many cases these are people who are at war with themselves and they are turning this internal conflict outward," adds co-author Richard Ryan, professor of psychology at the University of Rochester who helped direct the research.

The paper includes four separate experiments, conducted in the United States and Germany, with each study involving an average of 160 college students. The findings provide new empirical evidence to support the psychoanalytic theory that the fear, anxiety, and aversion that some seemingly heterosexual people hold toward gays and lesbians can grow out of their own repressed same-sex desires, Ryan says. The results also support the more modern self-determination theory, developed by Ryan and Edward Deci at the University of Rochester, which links controlling parenting to poorer self-acceptance and difficulty valuing oneself unconditionally.

The findings may help to explain the personal dynamics behind some bullying and hate crimes directed at gays and lesbians, the authors argue. Media coverage of gay-related hate crimes suggests that attackers often perceive some level of threat from homosexuals. People in denial about their sexual orientation may lash out because gay targets threaten and bring this internal conflict to the forefront, the authors write.

The research also sheds light on high profile cases in which anti-gay public figures are caught engaging in same-sex sexual acts. The authors cite such examples as Ted Haggard, the evangelical preacher who opposed gay marriage but was exposed in a gay sex scandal in 2006, and Glenn Murphy, Jr., former chairman of the Young Republican National Federation and vocal opponent of gay marriage, who was accused of sexually assaulting a 22-year-old man in 2007, as potentially reflecting this dynamic.

"We laugh at or make fun of such blatant hypocrisy, but in a real way, these people may often themselves be victims of repression and experience exaggerated feelings of threat," says Ryan. "Homophobia is not a laughing matter. It can sometimes have tragic consequences," Ryan says, pointing to cases such as the 1998 murder of Matthew Shepard or the 2011 shooting of Larry King.  Click Here to continue to read the article from ScienceDaily.

End of the Ex-Gay Movement?

A prominent leader bolts, just the latest blow to those who believe sexual orientation can be altered. Michelle Goldberg on John Smid’s about-face.

by Michelle Goldberg | the Daily Beast | October 13, 2011 11:00 PM EDT

Rollin Riggs, The New York Times / Redux


Last week, John Smid, the former director of Love in Action, the country’s oldest and largest ex-gay ministry, acknowledged on his blog that, contrary to the claims of the movement he represented for decades, gay people cannot become straight. “I’ve never met a man who experienced a change from homosexual to heterosexual,” he wrote. He himself certainly has not. “I would consider myself homosexual and yet in a marriage with a woman,” he explained. He loves his wife and has no plans to leave her, but wrote, “this doesn’t change the fact that I am who I am and she is who she is.”

Smid, who resigned from Love in Action in 2008, was just the latest ex-gay luminary to leave the movement, either voluntarily or in a cloud of scandal. His break with ex-gay orthodoxy is a sign that, even in the evangelical world, the notion that sexual orientation can be altered is increasingly crumbling in the face of reality. Click Here to read the rest of this "hasn't-it-always-been coming-to-this" article in the Daily Beast. 

Did You Know?

When right-wing extremists tried to bring the idea of "reparative therapy" to the schools in late 1998, ten prestigious mainstream mental health and education groups, including the American Association of School Administrators, the American Psychological Association and the American Academy of Pediatrics, banded  together and published "Just the Facts about Sexual Orientation and Youth" and sent it to every superintendent in the country, telling them that it is our schools, not our youth, who need to be "fixed." You can obtain a copy at GLSEN's webs site, www.glsen.org or click Here. (7)

(A) Click Here or on the above link to page 305 (Portable Document Format [PDF]-page 13) under the heading "Attitudes toward Homosexuality" of the Ethics Journal of the American Medical Association, May 2006, Volume 8, Number 5: page 305 (PDF document-page 13 of 64).  "Following the APA decision, shifting cultural perspectives had medical support: if homosexuality is not an illness, and if one does not literally accept biblical prohibitions against homosexuality, and if gay people are able and prepared to function as productive citizens, then what is wrong with being gay? The normal/identity view is accepted by the American Medical Association, national, state, and local governments that provide civil rights protections for gay people, and religious denominations that sanctify same-sex relationships." Also see here.

(B) Click Here or on the above link. In 1973 the American Psychiatric Association’s Board of Trustees removed homosexuality from its official diagnostic manual, The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Second Edition (DSM II). The action was taken following a review of the scientific literature and consultation with experts in the field. The experts found that homosexuality does not meet the criteria to be considered a mental illness. "All the evidence would indicate this is the way people are born. We treat disease, not the way people are. The very existence of therapy that is supposed to change people's sexuality, even for people who don't take it, is harmful because it implies that they have a disease" -- Dr. Nada Stotland, head of the American Psychiatric Association's joint committee on public affairs.  From the website for The Association of LGBTQ Psychiatrists you will note the official position of The American Psychiatric Association: In December of 1998, the Board of Trustees issued a position statement that the American Psychiatric Association opposes any psychiatric treatment, such as "reparative" or conversion therapy, which is based upon the assumption that homosexuality per se is a mental disorder or based upon the a priori assumption that a patient should change his/her sexual homosexual orientation (Appendix 1). In doing so, the APA joined many other professional organizations that either oppose or are critical of "reparative" therapies, including the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Medical Association, the American Psychological Association, The American Counseling Association, and the National Association of Social Workers.

(C) Click Here or on the above link. The stand of the American Psychological Association came about as follows: Dr. Evelyn Hooker carried out the first psychological test done to test for biological determinism in 1957, on a grant from the National Institute of Mental Health. The study, entitled "The Adjustment of the Male Overt Homosexual", was meant to explore the relationship between homosexuality and psychological development and illness. Hooker studied both homosexuals and heterosexuals. Both groups were matched for age, intelligence quotient (IQ) and education level, and were then subjected to three psychological tests. These three tests, the Rorschach, Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) and the Make-A-Picture-Story Test (MAPS), were then analyzed  and tabulated by psychologists blindly, or without the psychologists knowing whether the tests were taken by a homosexual or by a heterosexual. The result was that these professionals were unable to determine which subjects were gay and which were straight based on their responses to these tests. In other words, the results of Hooker's experiment yielded no significant differences in answers on any of the three tests as between the gay or straight subjects. Because both groups' answers scored very similarly, she concluded a zero correlation between social determinism of sexuality.  This experiment, which other researchers have subsequently repeated, demonstrates that most self-identified homosexuals are no worse in social adjustment than the general population.

As a result of Hooker's finding (and others that corroborated her findings), the APA removed homosexuality from its Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Psychological Disorders in 1973.  In 1975 it then released a public statement that homosexuality was not a mental disorder. [Note from Gary Lynn: You have to wonder why it took them 16 years to make the change.  Could it be that the older doctors in leadership positions just couldn't bring themselves to accept the new findings since they had built their entire careers up to that point on the discredited notions?  So it looks like it had to take a whole new generation of leadership to take the plunge] In 1994, two decades later [Apparently the same generational phenomena happened again], the APA finally stated,
"...homosexuality is neither a mental illness nor a moral depravity.  It is the way a portion of the population expresses human love and sexuality."


Click Here for What Parents of Gay and Lesbian Teens need to Know about Suicide - What Are The Warning Signs?

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Topmost picture is of me, Gary Lynn, in 1948 or 1949 when I guess I was about 7 or 8 in Inglewood, California. I was very gullible, LOL. But good memories, nevertheless.     
(1) Holben, L. R.  What Christians Think about Homosexuality - Six Representative Viewpoints, North Richland Hills, Texas, BIBAL Press, 1999, page 19. 

(2) Ibid, page 84.
(3) Ibid, page 85.
(4) Ibid, page 89.
(5) Ibid, page 90.
Burleson, William E. "Bi America-Myths, Truths, and Struggles of an Invisible Community", New York, London, Oxford; Harrington Park Press, 2005, pages 46 & 47.

(7) Jennings, Kevin, "Always My Child-A Parent's Guide to Understanding Your Gay, Lesbian Bisexual, Transgendered or Questioning Son or Daughter", New York, Fireside (Simon & Schuster), 2003, page 245.

A Gay Teen Short Story ♂♂
GOD MADE ME THIS WAY by Grant Bentley

Church is so confusing for Zack.  His new pastor preaches nothing but hate and condemnation of gays and lesbians, but no matter how carefully he reads his Bible, he can’t find where it says God hates him.  Will things change when Zach's boyfriend Billy suggests that they all go to his church instead?    Click Here or on the icon to read the story.


Click for Page 25 -
Homosexuality: Nature or Nurture? (Part 4 of 5)

                          Before 1973-Where Did the Mental Health Community Stand?



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The Anti-Gay Religious Right's Really Cruel and Idiotic Argument
Their Message to a Gay Person is: Be alone. Live alone. Die alone.


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